An ancient church sits next to a body of water with a colorful field of flowers in the foreground.


At a Glance

The Europe and Eurasia Regional Mission serves Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, and Serbia.

Armenia is a small landlocked country with a history of significant land degradation and active desertification processes. Frequent landslides, mudflows, and other natural hazards in areas with heavy rainfall threaten vital infrastructure and buildings. Higher temperatures will reduce the country's snow cover, reducing runoff and further limiting water supply. This has implications for Armenia's agriculture sector, which supports the country's rural livelihoods and key cereal crops. Rising temperatures will also negatively impact Armenia's unique ecosystems and biodiversity, as well as introduce and exacerbate threats to human health such as malaria and heat stress. Armenia's greenhouse gas emissions are dominated by fuel combustion, transportation, and electricity in the energy sector.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.

    Climate Projections

    Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

    Changes to Season Duration/ Seasonal Precipitation

    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impacts




    Human Health

    Water Resources

    Funding and Key Indicators

    USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $3 Million

    Clean Energy

    $3 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    3.0 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Stories from the Area

    Armenia’s Ararat Valley, a 1,177 square-kilometer swath of land located to the east of Mount Ararat, is home to critical artesian aquifers and central to the country’s economic stability. The aquifers are a frequently tapped resource for public services, agriculture, and fish farming, as well as cooling of Armenia’s nuclear power plant.