At a Glance
The Europe and Eurasia Regional Mission serves Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, and Serbia.
Despite being a small country, Azerbaijan's diverse topography makes it home to nine of the world's 11 climate zones. This creates a range of environmental challenges for the country that will be exacerbated by climate change such as unpredictable rainfall, natural disasters, and water deficits. Azerbaijan's rapid economic development also generates threats to human health that will intensify with climate change including air pollution, forest loss, and water contamination from industrial plants. Azerbaijan's Caspian Sea, the world's largest landlocked waterbody, is already rising, negatively impacting the country's major urban centers and industrial resources located along the coast. Together, these factors threaten sectors like agriculture and tourism that will be key to diversifying the economy. More than half of Azerbaijan's greenhouse gas emissions are driven by the energy sector.
Climate Projections and Impacts
Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.