Overhead view of forests and water bodies in Belarus

Bosnia and Herzegovina

At a Glance

The Europe and Eurasia Regional Mission serves Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kosovo, Moldova, North Macedonia, and Serbia.

Climate change risks in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) are heightened by high unemployment among a generally vulnerable population, damaged infrastructure, and lags in technical innovation. Despite abundant water resources, the country is facing water use and availability challenges that will likely worsen with warming temperatures and increased risks of drought and extreme precipitation. The agriculture sector is also vulnerable to these stressors. BiH's rich biodiversity faces habitat shifts and loss, as well as increased risk from forest fires and pathogens. BiH's largest climate vulnerabilities are in energy and infrastructure, which require significant modernization informed by the country's climate risks. Greenhouse gas emissions in the country are dominated by electricity and heat production.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas



Energy & Infrastructure

Human Health

Water Resources

Funding and Key Indicators

USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)


$2.322 Million

Clean Energy

$2.322 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2020)

3.8 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Climate Change Information

Stories from the Area