Lake with surrounding forest


At a Glance

The South America Regional Mission Environmental Program serves Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Brazil is home to the Amazon Basin and biodiverse ecosystems that provide essential services for many people both regionally and globally. The impacts of climate change in the Basin vary significantly and are vast; higher temperatures may change the range and distribution of temperature sensitive species, increased severity of drought can greatly affect the Amazon’s freshwater ecosystems and the people who rely on them, change in rainfall and temperature could impact the spread of disease, and sea level rise and storm surge will have substantial impacts on lowland areas of the Amazon delta. Climate variability and change also threaten agriculture in Brazil. The largest percentage of greenhouse gas emissions come from the energy sector, followed by agriculture, land-use change and forestry, industrial processes, and waste.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2018) for more information. 

    Climate Projections

    Drought icon

    Increased Drought Frequency
    Drought icon

    Increased Length of Dry Period

    Sea Level Rise

    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas



    Human Health


    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

    USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $3.5 Million


    $1.5 Million

    Sustainable Landscapes

    $2 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    211.7 million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Brazil Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    According to the recently released Amazon Vision 2020 Report, USAID and its global partners improved the management and conditions of key landscapes in the Amazon, working on more than 48 million hectares.
    Brazil is one of the six countries of the Amazon basin covered by SERVIR-Amazonia, including Colombia, Peru, Guyana, Ecuador, Suriname.
    The Amazon region is home to 1.6 million Indigenous Peoples, all of whom depend on the region’s forest and water resources for their material and cultural survival. Studies have shown that deforestation rates are much lower in places where Amazonian Indigenous Peoples have strong land tenure rights, making Indigenous Peoples important allies in biodiversity conservation.