A step mountainside is seen from a ridge, with multiple terraces cascading down the side from top to bottom.


At a Glance

Climate variability and change pose major obstacles to resilience in East Africa. While the region is characterized by rapid urbanization, more than 70 percent of the population still live in rural areas that rely heavily on climate-sensitive rainfed agriculture. Regional climate impacts coupled with rapid urbanization, high rates of poverty, and declining agricultural productivity are expected to threaten food security and livelihoods, strain water resources, expand the geographic range of diseases, and lead to land degradation and infrastructure damage.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2020) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

Increased/More Frequent Precipitation

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas

Crop Production



Energy & Infrastructure

Human Health

Water Resources

Funding and Key Indicators

USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)



Stories from the Area