Livestock on the way to market A man looks after cattle. Near Mekele, Tigray, Ethiopia.


At a Glance

This profile provides an overview of climate risks in East Africa, including how climate variability and change likely will impact the region’s crop production, livestock, water resources, human health, infrastructure and energy, and ecosystems. The brief also includes an overview of historical and future climate trends in the region, the policy context outlining existing climate risk strategies and plans, and a list of ongoing programs that focus on building resilience to climate variability and change.

Climate variability and change pose major obstacles to resilience in East Africa. While the region is characterized by rapid urbanization, more than 70 percent of the population still live in rural areas that rely heavily on climate-sensitive rainfed agriculture. Regional climate impacts coupled with rapid urbanization, high rates of poverty, and declining agricultural productivity are expected to threaten food security and livelihoods, strain water resources, expand the geographic range of diseases, and lead to land degradation and infrastructure damage.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2020) for more information.

Climate Projections

Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

Increased/More Frequent Precipitation

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas

Crop Production



Energy & Infrastructure

Human Health

Water Resources

Funding and Key Indicators

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2020) for more information.

USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)



Stories from the Area