An aerial/drone angle on a small house with solar PV panels installed next to it and agricultural fields surrounding it.

Dominican Republic

At a Glance

The Central America Regional Program serves Belize, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.

The Dominican Republic shares the Caribbean Island of Hispaniola with Haiti and is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate change. The northeastern region is vulnerable to floods and mudslides from severe storms, while arid parts of the northwest are experiencing increasing temperatures leading to more drought, which reduces crop yields and water supplies. Hispaniola Island is in the center of a hurricane belt, where intense storms often damage coastal infrastructure and fish nursery areas, which negatively impact tourism and coastal fisheries. The energy sector is responsible for most of the Dominican Republic’s greenhouse gas emissions, followed by agriculture, industrial processes, and waste.


    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information

    Climate Projections

    Drought icon

    Increased Dry Spells

    Decreased/Less Frequent Precipitation

    Sea Level Rise

    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas


    Coastal Zones


    Human Health

    Water Resources

    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

    USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $2.2 Million


    $2.2 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    10.5 million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Small Island Developing State


    Climate Change Information

    Dominican Republic Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    Those who live in and around the Dominican Republic’s Jaragua-Bahoruco-Enriquillo UNESCO Biosphere Reserve have a first-hand understanding of the costly realities of climate change. Harsh, dry conditions and extreme weather make climate risks part of daily life and a top consideration in efforts to protect endemic species.
    An irrigation system with solar photovoltaic energy at the Ramon Rodriguez farm, in Dominican Republic, provides resilience to drought using renewable energy. This system was installed in May 2017 under the USAID Climate Resilience and Index Insurance Program for Small Farmers in the Dominican Republic, executed by the REDDOM Foundation.
    In the Dominican Republic, USAID works to jointly promote climate adaptation and resilience to address a lack of adequate sanitation and wastewater treatment facilities, which limits the population’s access to clean water and presents a key threat to the country’s coastal biodiversity in the form of untreated sewage. USAID/Dominican Republic originally implemented the Climate Adaptation: Climate Risk Reduction activity using only climate change adaptation funding.