Man With Boat in Micronesia

East Timor (Timor-Leste)

A man pulls a buoy onto a boat near a small island in the Federated States of Micronesia.

At a Glance

The people of Timor-Leste, especially its rural population, are vulnerable to a host of climate and weather patterns, including temperature increases, extreme rainfall events, and rising sea levels. The country is one of the world’s most vulnerable to natural disasters due to high risk of earthquakes, tsunamis, cyclones and heavy rainfall, combined with limited infrastructure and inadequate social safety net programs. These climate and weather events threaten to exacerbate flood, storm, and landslide risk, and negatively impact food security in a country that relies heavily on climate sensitive, rainfed agriculture as its main source of income. The agriculture sector is the predominant source of greenhouse gas emissions followed by energy, land-use change forestry, and waste.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.

    Climate Projections


    Increased/More Frequent Precipitation


    Sea Level Rise


    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas



    Human Health

    Water Resources

    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $2 Million


    $2 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    1.4 million

    % Forested Area


    Small Island Developing State


    Climate Change Information

    Stories from the Area

    The current global pandemic from COVID-19 is a potent, pressing example of why the international community must focus more on preparedness and risk analysis for a multitude of disasters. Disasters, from floods to droughts to heightened risks of conflict, are increasing in frequency and intensity due to climate change, environmental degradation, and social tensions.