A farmer looks at his field in Ecuador.


At a Glance

The South America Regional Mission Environmental Program serves Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

The Amazon region of South America hosts globally significant rain forests and is bordered to the west by the Andes mountains, whose glacial and rain-fed rivers supply the Amazon basin with water and hydropower. However, the region is at risk from rising temperatures, changing rainfall patterns, and glacial melt. The forests of the Amazon have essential greenhouse gas sink and climate regulation functions for the world, but land use change, fire, and climate change impacts to forests have the potential to convert it to a global greenhouse gas source. USAID is working with governments, communities, the private sector, and academia to create sustainable solutions for maintaining forest landscapes in the Amazon Basin. Activities include partnering universities to strengthen scientific capacity in the Amazon, creating public-private partnerships that help smallholders preserve carbon-rich forest landscapes, and monitoring of deforestation from illegal activities in the Andean Amazon.

    Funding and Key Indicators

    USAID Regional Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $5.85 Million

    Clean Energy

    $1.85 Million

    Sustainable Landscapes

    $4 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    16.9 Million (2020)

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Ecuador Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    For decades, we’ve partnered with communities to strengthen resource rights and conserve forests and wildlife
    According to the recently released Amazon Vision 2020 Report, USAID and its global partners improved the management and conditions of key landscapes in the Amazon, working on more than 48 million hectares.
    Planners at USAID and in host country governments need to choose how to invest funds to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from land. Should they focus on establishing or strengthening protected areas in the east? Restoring mangroves in the north? Improving timber harvesting practices in the south? In each country, there are many choices.