Livestock on the way to market A man looks after cattle. Near Mekele, Tigray, Ethiopia.


At a Glance

Over the past 10 years, Ethiopia has seen 10 percent annual gross domestic product growth. At the same time, its greenhouse gas emissions have increased over the period—growing 11 percent alone between 2008 and 2009. More than 85 percent of emissions are due to agriculture and deforestation, while the power, transport, industrial and building sectors contribute 3 percent each. Globally, Ethiopia accounts for less than 0.1 percent of emissions, yet it is already experiencing the adverse effects of climate change. Communities are suffering from greater variability and extreme weather events, increased temperature and declining rainfall in a country where 85 percent of farmers are dependent on rain-fed agriculture.
In response, USAID supports Ethiopia’s economy-wide Climate Resilient Green Economy strategy, which provides a blueprint to achieve middle-income status by 2030 without increasing greenhouse gas emissions relative to 2010 levels. In support of the strategy implementation, USAID is providing assistance at the policy level through the Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development initiative and at the program level within the agriculture sector by improving information sharing, government and community adaptation efforts, and analytic tools for early warning and disaster risk preparedness. USAID also supports the development of Ethiopia’s vast renewable energy potential under the Power Africa initiative, with a focus on geothermal energy.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information

    Climate Projections


    Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events


    Changes to Season Duration/ Seasonal Precipitation


    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas



    Human Health


    Funding and Key Indicators

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $7.5 million


    $7.5 million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    108.1 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Ethiopia Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    There is growing momentum in the international community to ramp up climate finance for mitigation and adaptation actions. Undoubtedly, a focus on climate change adaptation in the developing world must be a priority for the financing.
    Agricultural market systems are transforming because of climate change. Although each transformation is unique, they occur in places where there are adequate market systems and institutional capacity to enable them to adapt.
    Tremendous progress has been made globally to reduce the burden of malaria. Between 2001 and 2013, the world saw a 47 percent decline in malaria mortality.