Mountainside village in Haiti


A village of small colorful houses sits precariously on a mountainside in Haiti.

At a Glance

Haiti is the most vulnerable country in Latin America and the Caribbean to climate change. Haiti shares the Caribbean Island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. Factors heightening its vulnerability include topography, land-use practices, low per capita income, high population density, and limited infrastructure and services. More than half of the country’s population lives in dense coastal cities, nearby floodplains, and in areas with steep slopes susceptible to landslides. Widespread deforestation and unmaintained drainage infrastructure increase Haiti’s vulnerability to hurricanes, storm surges, and flooding, while increasing temperatures during dry months, strengthening tropical storms, and unpredictable rainfall patterns will likely worsen climate impacts on already sensitive sectors. The agriculture sector is responsible for nearly half of greenhouse gas emissions, followed by the energy, waste, industrial processes, and land-use change and forestry sectors.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information. 

    Climate Projections

    Drought icon

    Decrease in Dry Season Precipitation & Lengthening of Drought Season

    Increase in Storm Surge Strength

    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas


    Economic Growth



    Human Health

    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $12.5 Million


    $5 Million

    Sustainable Landscapes

    $7.5 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    11.1 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Haiti Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    On World Water Day, March 22, 2021, USAID announced its second annual Water Warrior Awards, which recognizes the value of its water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) leads who work on the front lines with local partners and communities.
    In March 2019, the Government of Haiti released an official request for proposals as part of a broader plan to support the development of minigrids. Minigrids generally involve small-scale electricity generation and can advance energy transitions in rural areas by enabling a power supply for communities lacking reliable electricity.
    “We know that Haiti is an extremely vulnerable country for the impacts of climate change,” says Jesse Leggoe, Acting Deputy Director in the Democracy, Human Rights and Governance Office, “Having Hurricane Matthew hit during our design process just re-emphasized that for everyone.”