Women Walking Across Rice Paddy in India


At a Glance

India’s diverse climate zones, ecosystems, and topography translate to unevenly distributed climate risks across the country. In the agriculturally important regions, rising temperatures, and increased extent and incidence of droughts have caused declines in rice and wheat yields. India’s most important river systems are fed by Himalayan glaciers, which are threatened by warming temperatures, severely impacting water availability for agricultural, domestic, and industrial use. In recent years, India experienced various extreme weather events which have increased the risk of heat-related issues such as stroke, exhaustion, and even death. India is the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases. Emissions through 2040 are expected to grow more than the rest of developing Asia combined as the economy grows and as India seeks to provide electricity access to the millions of people who lack it.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information

    Climate Projections


    Drought icon

    Increased Severity of Droughts & Heat Waves


    Increased Flooding from Sea Level Rise and Extreme Precipitation Events


    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas



    Human Health


    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $19.5 Million


    $6.5 Million

    Clean Energy

    $7 Million

    Sustainable Landscapes

    $6 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    1.3 Billion



    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    India Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    South Asia, home to a quarter of the world’s population and a major energy consumer with some of the fastest-growing economies in the world, is also home to some of the greatest climate disasters.
    In 2015, India set an ambitious goal of creating a sink of as much as 3 billion tons of carbon by 2030. To do that, the country will need to increase tree cover by 10 million hectares and enhance forest stocks on a further 10 million hectares—about one-quarter the total area of California—which is a huge task.
    Since 1991, USAID has been investing in actions that help the Agency in understanding climate change risks and opportunities to reduce vulnerabilities.