A white and yellow fishing boat sits on a windswept beach.


At a Glance

Jamaica is a small Caribbean island with economically valuable tourism, fisheries, industry and agriculture assets. Roughly 90 percent of the country's GDP is produced within the coastal zone, making its key industries and over half of the population vulnerable to hurricanes, tropical storms, sea level rise, and land loss. Rising temperatures and intense rainfall events increase incidence of vector-borne and waterborne diseases already endemic to the country. Groundwater recharge is also inhibited by warming temperatures, increasing water stress vulnerabilities for households and the agriculture sector. Jamaica's greenhouse gas emissions are driven by the energy sector, with manufacturing, construction, and electricity and heat generation as the primary contributors.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2017) for more information.

    Climate Projections

    Decreased/Less Frequent Precipitation

    Sea Level Rise

    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impacts


    Coastal Ecosystems


    Human Health

    Water Resources

    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $1 Million


    $1 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    2.8 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    % Renewable Electricity Generating Capacity


    Small Island Developing State


    Climate Change Information

    Jamaica Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    Between 2014 and 2015, Jamaica experienced one of the worst seasons of drought in recent history. The impact on the Jamaican economy, especially rural livelihoods, was devastating. According to reports, the annual agricultural production declined by 30 percent from 2013 to 2014. This, along with brush fires, resulted in a $J1 billion ($6.5 million) loss for the economy.
    Learn how Youth Climate Communicator Dainalyn Swaby is rallying young Jamaicans to make climate change a priority in their livelihoods.
    There is great value in pushing for youth education in climate change action. Designing projects that focus on issues youth care about can lead to unexpected, positive outcomes. And engaging youth as active participants with the autonomy and agency to act can have lasting effects long after a development project ends.