Image of three men standing on a lift that is being pulled up a diagonal concrete surface above a body of water.


At a Glance

Lebanon is a highly urbanized, middle-income country whose temperate climate and collection of world heritage sites drive its thriving tourism industry. Climate change, manifested through rising sea levels and increasing temperatures, is expected to impact the densely populated coastal urban areas that host infrastructure and industry critical to the economy. With an underdeveloped agriculture sector, Lebanon imports most of its food, and rising world food prices, compounded by the effects of global climate change on agricultural yields, will increase the cost of guaranteeing food security. The economic and social impacts of the Syrian crisis compound Lebanon’s challenges, as the influx of refugees has strained Lebanon’s public finances, service delivery, and environment. Majority of Lebanon's emissions come from the energy sector, followed by the waste, agriculture, and bunker fuels sectors.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information.

    Climate Projections

    Drought icon

    Increased Drought Frequency

    Decreased/Less Frequent Precipitation

    Sea Level Rise

    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas


    Coastal Resources



    Funding and Key Indicators

    Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)



    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    5.5 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Stories from the Area

    Lebanon has lost more than 20 percent of its forest cover since 1960. a USAID and U.S. Forest Service reforestation initiative is helping Lebanese communities regrow part of their natural heritage.