A group of people plant cactus in a large, arid field.


At a Glance

Madagascar is home to a diverse and unique range of species and ecosystems, many of them vulnerable to current and future climate patterns. The driving sectors of the country's economy also rely on climate-sensitive natural resources, including predominantly rain-fed agriculture, fisheries and livestock production. The combination of food insecurity and a high risk of cyclone renders human health, coastal ecosystems, water and other sectors especially vulnerable to climate change. Forestry and land-use change contribute more than half of overall greenhouse gas emissions.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information

    Climate Projections

    Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

    Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas



    Coastal Ecosystems

    Human Health


    Funding and Key Indicators

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $2.5 Million


    $2 Million

    Sustainable Landscapes


    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    26.96 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Madagascar Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    CEADIR’s final report contains summaries and links to seven years of assessments, analyses, tools, and training and technical assistance materials on planning, financing, and implementation of clean energy, sustainable landscapes (natural climate solutions), and climate adaptation.
    Inside the protected area of Menabe Antimena is Madagascar's largest dry forest--45% of which has disappeared in only the last 10 years due to massive deforestation, fires, migration, illegal maize cultivation, corruption and unscrupulous private interests. Menabe Antimena is one of the many critical ecosystems that the USAID Hay Tao project is working to protect.
    Jean Bruno, nursery agent, and his wife work at their tree nursery in Sahambavy, Fianarantsoa, Centra Madagascar. In Madagascar, where bush fire and slash hand-burn agriculture are a common practice, reforestation is crucial. The ASOTRY project, implemented by ADRA and funded by USAID/FFP, restores forests through reforestation activities.