A male and female smile at the camera while bending to work in a large field on a sunny day.


At a Glance

Mali's landlocked geography and climate-sensitive economy render the country among the most vulnerable to climate stress. Rising temperatures and fluctuations in water availability threaten the pastoralist and agrarian livelihoods that support the majority of the population. Shocks such as political instability, flooding, and recurring drought also contribute to economic and social insecurity. Variable rainfall impacts the flood patterns of Mali's 4.2 million hectares of wetlands, with negative implications for seasonal fish migrations and soil-stabilizing vegetation growth. Mali's greenhouse gas emissions are dominated by the agriculture sector, which makes up over 75% of emissions.

    Funding and Key Indicators

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $2 Million


    $2 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    19.6 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Mali Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    As the frequency and magnitude of climate-related hazards increases, these changes are affecting people’s livelihoods, particularly those of rural and vulnerable populations more than ever.
    New research in Mali highlights a promising opportunity for action on climate change adaptation: local government development planning.