A woman sits near a brick wall in the shade, working on vegetables over a large metal bowl.


At a Glance

Mozambique's extensive coastline heightens the country's vulnerability to tropical cyclones and storm surge flooding. More than half of the population lives in low lying coastal areas, putting communities and key resources at risk. Increased flooding and drought threaten the agriculture sector, which employs roughly 75% of Mozambique's workforce. In addition to economic implications, these stressors also increase risks of food insecurity and water-related illness such as cholera. Agricultural expansion, wildfires, and excessive harvesting are driving greenhouse gas emissions in Mozambique's highest emitting sector, land use and forestry change.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2018) for more information.

Climate Projections

Drought icon

Increased Incidence of Dry Spells/Droughts & Increased Heat Wave Duration

Increased/More Frequent Precipitation

Sea Level Rise

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impacts


Coastal Resources

Human Health


Funding and Key Indicators

Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


$3 Million


$3 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2020)

30.1 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Climate Change Information

Mozambique Photo Gallery

Stories from the Area

CEADIR’s final report contains summaries and links to seven years of assessments, analyses, tools, and training and technical assistance materials on planning, financing, and implementation of clean energy, sustainable landscapes (natural climate solutions), and climate adaptation.
There is an urgent need for crop varieties and technologies that help smallholder farmers adapt to climate change.
Research increasingly shows that climate change disproportionately impacts women, and we can see this unfold in agriculture. Mozambique is one of the most susceptible countries to climate change in the world.