A woman sits near a brick wall in the shade, working on vegetables over a large metal bowl.


At a Glance

Mozambique's extensive coastline heightens the country's vulnerability to tropical cyclones and storm surge flooding. More than half of the population lives in low lying coastal areas, putting communities and key resources at risk. Increased flooding and drought threaten the agriculture sector, which employs roughly 75% of Mozambique's workforce. In addition to economic implications, these stressors also increase risks of food insecurity and water-related illness such as cholera. Agricultural expansion, wildfires, and excessive harvesting are driving greenhouse gas emissions in Mozambique's highest emitting sector, land use and forestry change.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2018) for more information.

Climate Projections


Drought icon

Increased Incidence of Dry Spells/Droughts & Increased Heat Wave Duration


Increased/More Frequent Precipitation


Sea Level Rise


Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impacts


Coastal Resources

Human Health


Funding and Key Indicators

Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


$3 Million


$3 Million

GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2020)

30.1 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Climate Change Information

Mozambique Photo Gallery

Stories from the Area

Research increasingly shows that climate change disproportionately impacts women, and we can see this unfold in agriculture. Mozambique is one of the most susceptible countries to climate change in the world.
One of the greatest threats to our global community is climate change, and research shows women are more vulnerable than men to its consequences.
According to USAID’s Southern Africa’s Climate Change Risk Profile, “Changes in water quality and availability will be the dominant changes seen under a new climate.” The sensitivity of livelihoods and economies to these changes, together with a lack of access to drinking water (and contamination of existing supply), threatens water security and resilience in a region where water demands are rising in response to an increasing population.