A step mountainside is seen from a ridge, with multiple terraces cascading down the side from top to bottom.


At a Glance

Rwanda has experienced strong economic growth in recent years, accompanied by significant progress on development goals. Drier dry seasons followed by more frequent and intense rainfall harm key industries such as hydropower production and agricultural exports. A wetter climate may also increase the incidence of vector and waterborne diseases such as malaria, which is already a leading cause of death in the country. Rwanda has one of the highest reforestation rates globally, which has mitigated greenhouse gas emissions from the land use and forestry sector--while in gross terms, it is the highest gross emitting sector in the country, the added tree cover makes it the fourth highest net emitter.




    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2019) for more information.

    Climate Projections


    Drought icon

    Increased Incidence of Dry Spells/Droughts & Increased Heat Wave Duration


    Increased/More Frequent Precipitation


    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impacts




    Human Health

    Water Resources

    Funding and Key Indicators

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $2 Million


    $2 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    12.7 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Rwanda Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    The United States and the world face a profound climate crisis. Climate change is not just a looming existential threat, it is currently threatening development progress and exacerbating global inequities; increasing humanitarian needs, food and water insecurity, and displacement; and contributing to conflict.
    In many developing countries, the companies that build, supply, and sell clean energy solutions have difficulty obtaining bank loans or other financing to expand their businesses or reach new markets. This was the case in Rwanda until Power Africa, through USAID, at the demand from financial institutions and providers of solar PV solutions, took action to educate, connect, and support commercial lending programs for off-grid electricity.
    Countries, like people, rely on stories of the past to guide them in the present and help them prepare for the unknown. The genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda ripped out many pages of stories, climate among them.