A man kneels next to a young apricot tree and smiles proudly at the camera.


At a Glance

The Republic of Uzbekistan has long relied on its robust agricultural sector, primarily based on cotton and wheat. Uzbekistan faces major challenges with desertification, water scarcity, and further depletion of the Aral Sea that are exacerbated by climate stressors such as increasing temperatures, more frequent and extreme droughts, lower precipitation levels during parts of the year, and changes in weather patterns that shift the growing season. These stressors are projected to intensify in the coming decades, significantly affecting economic sectors and natural resources throughout the country. The energy sector serves as the predominant source of GHG emissions in Uzbekistan, followed by the agriculture, industrial processes, and waste sectors.

Climate Projections and Impacts

Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2018) for more information.

Climate Projections

Drought icon

Increased Drought Frequency

Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

Increased Precipitation Unpredictability/Variability

Increased Temperature

Key Climate Impact Areas




Human Health


Funding and Key Indicators

Refer to metadata and sources for more details.

USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)



GAIN Vulnerability


Population (2020)

30.6 Million

GHG Emissions Growth


% Forested Area


Climate Change Information

Uzbekistan Photo Gallery

Stories from the Area