At a Glance

Changes in climate pose challenges to Zambia’s ongoing efforts to combat poverty, reduce food insecurity, and sustainably manage natural resources. Despite the country's graduation to low middle-income status, more than half of the country's population live under the poverty line and are most vulnerable to climate impacts and extreme events such as droughts and floods. Along with impacts to livelihoods, the increased frequency and intensity of droughts and floods over the last two decades have also adversely impacted food and water security and energy generation. The land-use change and forestry sector contributed more than half of overall greenhouse gas emissions, followed by the energy, agriculture, waste, and industrial processes sectors.

    Climate Projections and Impacts

    Refer to the Climate Risk Profile (2016) for more information

    Climate Projections

    Increased Frequency/Intensity of Extreme Weather Events

    Variable Rainfall But Total Averages Decreasing

    Increased Temperature

    Key Climate Impact Areas





    Human Health

    Water Resources

    Funding and Key Indicators

    USAID Climate Change Funding (2020)


    $2.5 Million

    Sustainable Landscapes

    $2.5 Million

    GAIN Vulnerability


    Population (2020)

    17.4 Million

    GHG Emissions Growth


    % Forested Area


    Climate Change Information

    Zambia Photo Gallery

    Stories from the Area

    CEADIR’s final report contains summaries and links to seven years of assessments, analyses, tools, and training and technical assistance materials on planning, financing, and implementation of clean energy, sustainable landscapes (natural climate solutions), and climate adaptation.
    With USAID support, a local traditional chief and his administration are using land resource rights to empower women, protect forests and wildlife, and build a chiefdom for the future.
    Relative to other countries in the region, Zambia has an abundance of fertile land, water, and a favorable climate for agricultural production. Yet, despite these favorable conditions, crop yields are well below global averages and 80 percent of rural Zambians live in extreme poverty.