Natural Climate Solutions

The land use sector—including deforestation and the degradation of forest—accounts for one-quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions. Agriculture is the major driver of deforestation, resulting in direct emissions from on-farm practices, as well as indirect emissions from land use conversion.  Human well-being and sustainable development are underpinned by well-managed lands and natural resources. Thus, natural climate solutions programs focus on places where forest carbon storage is high and where risk of deforestation may be great. Indeed, guiding the evolution of broad landscape mosaics is integral to a country’s holistic low emissions development.
USAID supports activities that reduce land-based emissions—from mangroves, to savannas, to agricultural fields. Partnering with governments, USAID is assisting in planning and implementing policies to address drivers of land-based emissions. By building capacity for rigorous, transparent monitoring of forest and carbon stocks, USAID supports REDD+ project development. Other activities work to identify better practices and on-the-ground opportunities for low-emissions agriculture.



ProLand supports USAID Missions to improve land use management using a systems approach to resilient development that integrates ecological, economic, and governance aspects.

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SilvaCarbon draws on scientific capacity from a number of U.S. federal agencies to help host government counterparts and other local organizations to improve their capacity to monitor and manage tropical forests and other carbon-rich areas. 

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Low-Emissions Opportunities in Agriculture

USAID and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security are partnering with country experts to identify low-emission opportunities in agriculture that also contribute to food security, with a focus on smallholder farming.

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Agriculture's Footprint: Designing Investment in Agricultural Landscapes to Mitigate Tropical Forest Impacts

Technical Report

Prioritizing Investments in Land-Based Climate Mitigation in Madagascar


Visão Amazônica: Resumo


Resumen de Visión Amazonía

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Climate change impacts different regions in different ways and, as such, requires tailored initiatives to meet local development needs. Some places will experience much more (or less) warming, others will receive more rainfall or see longer and more frequent droughts, and yet others will experience an increase in wildfires. Every region will face challenges brought on by the climate crisis and will integrate programs and systems to adapt.
While technological and institutional innovations in agri-food systems over the past century have brought dramatic advances in human well-being worldwide, these gains increasingly appear unsustainable due to massive, adverse spillover effects on climate, natural environment, social justice and public health and nutrition. To deflect future world food crises created by climate change and growing consumer demand, the expert panel created a roadmap for global agricultural and food systems innovation, reform and sustainability. 
Efforts are underway to secure land titles for community members who want to access the irrigation system. Proof of land ownership is required to gain access to irrigated water.